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Important ادو مضامين

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Early Muslim Scholars  

MUHAMMAD (PBUH) 

Mecca-c. 570

 

 

Madina June 8, 632 CE

12 RB-I, 11 Hijra

 

Title:   PROPHET OF ALLAH (For Historical Detail see Wikki, which in not totally correct)
He was appointed by ALLAH, as Rasool ALLAH to teach Al-Kitaab to the humanity, for widening their vision, which is in ARABIC between to .
The chronology presented here gives an understanding of the time difference and generation gaps of famous names in early Islamic history:

NAME

BORN

DIED

REMARKS

Imam Abu-Bakar Siddiq

51 Before Hihjrah (BH)

/573 CE*, Makkah

Succeeded 17 RA-I, 11Hijra

22 Ji-II,  13 AH*/22 Aug 634, Medinah

Title:               "Khalifah-Al-Rasool" (Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 

Relationship: Father-in-law ( ) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Imam Umar ibn al-Khattab 41 BH/582 Makkah  Succeeded 22 Ji-II, 13 Hijra 26 ZH 23 AH/3 Nov 644 Medinah

Title:                  "Ameer-ul-Momineen" was first adopted,

Relationship:     Father-in-law  ( ) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Imam Uthman ibn Affaan 47 BH/577 Makkah Succeeded 1 MH , 24 Hijra 18 ZH 35 AH/17 Jun 656 Medinah

 

Title:                  "Ameer-ul-Momineen"

Relationship:     Son-in-law  ( ) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Begninning of SHIA FIRQA. Based on Nahaj ul Blagha

Imam Ali ibn Abi-Taalib (1)

(Shia Mazhab)

13 Rajab 23BH/600 Makkah (After succession of AbuBakr, Ali migrated to Kufa then Basra & never turned back, till his appointment & then return to KUFA.) 40AH/ 21 Ramadhan / 661       Kufah (Muslim History Turned from here by Sia'ne Ali . Who believe that Umar and Abu Bakr conspired to usurp power from Ali. )

4th  Caliph: 

Title:                  "Ameer-ul-Momineen" 

Relationship:    Son-in-law ( ) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh

Imam Hasan ibn Ali (2) 15 Ramadan  3 AH/ Feb 28, 625 (Thursday) Medinah Safar 49 or 50 AH/669 or 670 Medinah

5th  Caliph: 

Title:              Ameer-ul-Momineen

Relationship: (Grand Child  ( )of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh))  was poisoned.

Mo'awiah ibn Abi-Sufian 12 BH/611 Makkah 60 AH/680 Dimashq

6th  Caliph: 

Title:                Ameer-ul-Momineen

Relationship:  (Brother-in-law ( ) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh))

Imam Husain ibn Ali (3) 3 Sha'ban 4 AH/ Jan 8, 626 (Wednesday) Medinah 10 Muharram  61 AH/ Oct 9, 680 (Tuesday) Karbala , Iraq Shaheed-e-Karbala, Second son of Ali & Fatimah, (Grand Child  ( )of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh))
Imam Ali Zainul-Abideen (4) 5 Sha'ban 38 AH/ Jan 5, 659 (Saturday) Medinah 25 Muharram 95 AH/ Oct 20, 713 (Friday) Medinah Son of Imam Husain ( ), Muslim History Turns from here
Imam Muhammad Baqir (5) 1 Rajab 57 AH/ May 9, 677 (Saturday) Medinah 7 Zul-Hijja 114 AH/ Jan 28, 733 (Wednesday) Medinah Son of Imam Zainul-Abideen( )
Beginning of Hanafi FIRQA. Based on Riwayat by prior to 150 Hijrah.
Imam Abu-Hanifah (Hanafi Firqa) 80 AH/699 Kufah,Iraq 150 AH/767 Baghdad

Taabai. Scholar of Fiqh (Jurisprudence), 

Student of Imam Baqir & Imam Ja'far Sadiq.

Imam Ja'far Sadiq (6) 17 Rabi-al-Awwal 83 AH/ April 10, 702 (Monday) Medinah 25 Shawwal 148 AH/ Dec 13, 765 (Friday) Medinah Taabai, Son of Imam Baqir. He was Imam of Fiqh Ja'fri (Jurisprudence)
Beginning of Maliki FIRQA. Based on Riwayat by  prior to  179 Hijrah.
Imam Maalik (Maliki Firqah) 93 AH/712 Medinah 179 AH/795 Medinah Taba-Taabai, Compiler of Hadith (Al-Muwatta, "The Approved,") & Scholar of Fiqh (Jurisprudence), student of Imam Ja'far Sadiq 
Imam Abu-Yusuf 113 AH/731 Kufah, Iraq 187 AH/803 Baghdad Taba-Taabai, Student of Abu-Hanifah, Scholar of Fiqh (Jurisprudence)
Up to the time of Imam Ja'far Sadiq, Shi'aan-e-Ali, were not considered any different from other Muslims. Imam Ja'far Sadiq had two sons, Isma'il and Musa al-Kazim.
Followers of Musa al-Kazim become the "Twelvers" who believed that the lineage of Imam continued with Imam Musa al-Kazim.
Followers of Isma'il become the "Seveners" or "Ismailis.
Beginning of Shi'ism was not documented before this time, but long after, when the concept of 12 Imams became the basis of Shi'as after the 12th Imam's, Imam Muhammad Mehdi disappearance in 878 CE.
Imam Musa Kazim (7) 7 Safar 129 AH/ Oct 27, 745 (Thurs) al-Abwa, 7 mi from Medinah 25 Rajab 183 AH/ Sep 1, 799 (Sunday) Kadhimiya Son of Imam Ja'far Sadiq, died in prison
Imam Ismāʿīl ibn Jaʿfar 103 AH/719 , Medinah 100 AH/719, Medinah The Isma'ili branch of Shia Islam is accordingly named for Isma'il.
 
Muhammad al-Shayban 131 AH/759 Baghdad, Iraq 189 AH/805 Kufah,Iraq Disciple of Abu Hanifa
Imam Muhammad   132 AH/750 Wasil, Iraq 189 AH/805 Baghdad Student of Imam Maalik, and Imam Abu-Yusuf (Jurisprudence)
Beginning of Shafi FIRQA. Based on Riwayat by  prior to  204 Hijrah.
Imam Shafi (Shafi Firqa ) 150 AH/767 Ghaza 204 AH/819 Egypt Student of Imam Maalik (Jurisprudence)
Imam Ali Reza (8) 11 Zul-Qa'da 153 AH/ Nov 4, 770 (Sunday) Medinah 17 Safar 203 AH/ Aug 24, 818 (Tuesday) Mash'had, Iran Son of Imam Musa Kazim
Beginning of Hanabali FIRQA. Based on Riwayat by  prior to  241 Hijrah.
Imam Hanbal, (Hanbali Firqa) 164 AH/780 Baghdad 241 AH/855 Baghdad Student of Imam Shafi'i, Scholar of Fiqh (Jurisprudence)
Imam Muhammad Jawwad Taqi (9) 10 Rajab 195 AH/ April 8, 811 (Tuesday) Medinah 30 Zul-Qa'da 220 AH/ Nov 26, 835 (Friday) Kadhimiya Son of Imam Ali Reza
Imam Ali Naqi (10) 5 Rajab 215 AH/ Aug 28, 830 (Sunday) Surba , Iraq 3 Rajab 254 AH/ June 28, 868 (Monday) Samarra , Iraq Son of Imam Muhammad Jawwad Taqi
Imam Hasan Askari (11) 8 Rabi-al-Thani 232 AH/ Dec 1, 846 (Wednesday) Samarra , Iraq 8 Rabi-al-Awwal 260 AH/ Jan 1, 874 (Friday) Samarra , Iraq Son of Imam Ali Naqi
Imam  Mehdi (12) Imam Zamin 15 Sha'ban 255 AH/ July 29, 869 (Friday) Samarra , Iraq Disappeared at age-9 in 878 CE ( Eesa Sani) Son of Imam Hasan Askari. Followers of Isna-'ashari faith (The Twelvers) believe that he is still alive, hiding, and will re-appear near Judgment Day to establish Kingdom of Allah, to fill the world with equality and justice.

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    ی  ی  ی       ǁ           ʪ  ی     Ȫی   ۔ ی ی    ی ی  ی  ۔ ی ی   ј   Ȫی ی ۔   

Era of the Compilers of  قول منسُوب ا لي ا لّرسول  Starts, from IRAN/SASANI Settlements

* According to Imam Bukahri he found 5 lac Hadees andout of  these  1 lac were Authentic 
 Lived Name

Book includes authentic saying

Denied & Left  

 Remarks

 093 AH - 179 AH

Imam Maalik Al-Muwatta includes                        =  2,400  did not include  -97,600   

 164 AH - 256 AH

Imam Hambal Masnad Imam Hambal  includes   =  4376  did not include  -95,624  

 194 AH - 256 AH

Imam Bokhari Sahih Bukhari  includes                =  7,563  did not include  -92437   

 202 AH - 275 AH

Imam Abu Daood Sunan abu Daood  includes            =  4,350  did not include  -96650  

 206 AH - 261 AH

Imam Muslim Sahih Muslim  includes                  =  7,563  did not include  -92437   

 209 AH - 273 AH

Imam Ibn Maja Sunan Ibn Maja  includes               = 4,341  did not include -95686    

 209 AH - 279 AH

Imam Tirmidhi Sunan al-Tirmidhi  includes         =  3,956  did not include -96044    
214 AH - 303 AH Imam Nasaai Sunan al-Nasaai  includes             =   5,761  did not include -94239  

 

  Total Collection out of 1,00,000=40,310

-             59,690

 

What Hadith stands for, before we give our opinion ?

Why shouldnt we get  ALLAHs opinion from His Book!    Let us see

 

 

 

 

       
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