Now that you know
how to pronounce the Arabic letters, we will go through reading them, Arabic
letters should be written connected to each other, you can simply think of it as
if you’re writing in cursive in English, like in the example below you can
see how the first WELCOME is written, then the second WELCOME which has all
letters connected to each other, Unlike English, Arabic in most cases cannot be
written with its letters separated from each other like the way we wrote the
word WELCOME. Most letters should be connected like the way the second
Welcome is written. There are some exceptions
which we will go through in this lesson.
To read Arabic
you should know that the Arabic alphabet letters have up to 3 forms, each letter
takes a form depending on its position in the word, look at the example below
and you will notice that a letter has a form at the beginning of the word, in
the middle of the word and at the end of the word, some letters however can keep
the same form in one or two positions. Compare the
in the two examples
below, the M of come has a longer tail than the M of the room
because of the position of m, the same thing happens in Arabic. The form that a
letter takes depends on its position in a given word, and the difference most of
the time is very small, like a longer tail to allow it connect with another
letter following it.
table below shows the three forms that a letter can take, a letter in a blue
font shows a letter starting a word, the red font shows a letter in the middle
of the word, and the black font shows a letter at the end of the word, as you
may have noticed, there is no big different between the three forms.
Just a tip for you: most of the time the letter at the end looks exactly like
the letter when it’s alone.
having stars next to them can only connect with
other letters if
placed after them.
these letter never connect with other
letters marked with stars either before or after.
So you have to be
careful with these starred letters, because sometimes they may make you think
that they’re the last letter of a word because they have that form of an ending
letter, while in the reality they may not be the last letter of the word. The
table below may explain it better:
how the letters in the middle looks like the letters at
the end, both are under lined in red.